SOURCE : WIKEPEDIA
|NAME OF EVENT
|Paleo Indians live throughout North America.
|The first people to live in North America, the Paleo Indians, spread across the continent. They arrive by walking on a piece of land that joined Asia and North America, but is now a body of water called the Bering Strait.
|Pope Urban II declares war on all non-Christians.
|Pope Urban II states that non-Christians do not have the right to own land. He decides that explorers have the right to take land from any non-Christians, which includes Indians.
|Christopher Columbus lands on Caribbean Land
|Believing at first that he had reached the East Indies, he describes the natives he meets as “Indians.” On his first day, he orders six natives to be seized as servants.
|Spanish Explorer lands on North continental North America
|Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon lands on continental North America in Florida and makes contact with Native Americans.
|Ponce de Leon departs on another voyage to Florida from San Juan to start a colony
|Ponce de Leon departs on another voyage to Florida from San Juan to start a colony. Months after landing, Ponce de Leon is attacked by local Native Americans and fatally wounded.
|Spanish explorer and conquistador Hernando De Soto lands in Florida to conquer the region.
|Spanish explorer and conquistador Hernando De Soto lands in Florida to conquer the region. He explores the South under the guidance of Native Americans who had been captured along the way.
|De Soto and the Spaniards plan to rendezvous with ships in Alabama.
|De Soto and the Spaniards plan to rendezvous with ships in Alabama when they’re attacked by Native Americans. Hundreds of Native Americans are killed in the ensuing battle.
|Pocahontas is born
|Pocahontas is born, daughter of Chief Powhatan.
|Pocahontas’ brother kidnaps Captain John Smith from the Jamestown colony.
|Pocahontas’ brother kidnaps Captain John Smith from the Jamestown colony. Smith later writes that after being threatened by Chief Powhatan, he was saved by Pocahontas. This scenario is debated by historians.
|A revolt of Pueblo Native Americans in New Mexico
|A revolt of Pueblo Native Americans in New Mexico threatens Spanish rule over New Mexico.
|The French and Indian War begins
|The French and Indian War begins pitting the two groups against English settlements in the North.
|May 15, 1756
|Seven Years War
|The Seven Years War between the British and the French begins, with Native American alliances aiding the French.
|May 7, 1763
|Battle Of Bloody run
|Ottawa Chief Pontiac leads Native American forces into battle against the British in Detroit. The British retaliate by attacking Pontiac’s warriors in Detroit on July 31.
|Sacagawea is born
|She was a famous Native American leader
|August 20, 1794
|The Battle of Timbers
|The Battle of Timbers was the last major battle over Northwest territory between Native Americans and the United States following the Revolutionary War . It was a result of US Victory
|November 2, 1804
|Native American Leader Sacagawea meet Lewis and Clark
|Native American Sacagawea, while 6 months pregnant, meets explorers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark during their exploration of the territory of the Louisiana Purchase The explorers realize her value as a translator
|April 7, 1805
|Sacagawea joins Lewis and Clark on the voyage
|Sacagawea, along with her baby and husband Toussaint Charbonneau, join Lewis and Clark on their voyage.
|U.S. forces attack Native American War Chief Tecumseh
|U.S. forces attack Native American War Chief Tecumseh and his younger brother Lalawethika. Their community at the juncture of the Tippecanoe and Wabash rivers is destroyed.
|June 18, 1812
|President James Madison signs a declaration of war against Britain,
|President James Madison signs a declaration of war against Britain, beginning the war between U.S. forces and the British, French and Native Americans over independence and territory expansion.
|March 27, 1814
|Andrew Jackson, along with U.S. forces and Native American allies attack Creek Indians
|Andrew Jackson, along with U.S. forces and Native American allies attack Creek Indians who opposed American expansion and encroachment of their territory in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. The Creeks cede more than 20 million acres of land after their loss.
|The U.S. creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
|The U.S. government creates a federal office that is responsible for handling the country’s relationship with the 500 Indian tribes in the U.S. The agency, which is part of the War Department, negotiates treaties, sets up Indian schools, and manages trade with the Indians.
|May 28, 1830
|President Andrew Jackson signs the Indian Removal Act,
|President Andrew Jackson signs the Indian Removal Act which gives plots of land west of the Mississippi River to Native American tribes in exchange for land that is taken from them.
|Cherokee Indians are forced to walk to Oklahoma on the Trail of Tears.
|President Andrew Jackson orders Cherokee Indians off of their land east of the Mississippi to unsettled land in Oklahoma. Over 4,000 of the Cherokees die on the long walk, which has come to be called the Trail of Tears.
|President Martin Van Buren enlists General Winfield Scott and 7,000 troops to speed up the process by holding them at gunpoint and marching them 1,200 miles.
|With only 2,000 Cherokees having left their land in Georgia to cross the Mississippi River, President Martin Van Buren enlists General Winfield Scott and 7,000 troops to speed up the process by holding them at gunpoint and marching them 1,200 miles. More than 5,000 Cherokee die as a result of the journey. The series of relocations of Native American tribes and their hardships and deaths.
|Congress passes the Indian Appropriations Act
|Congress passes the Indian Appropriations Act, creating the Indian reservation system. Native Americans aren’t allowed to leave their reservations without permission.
|the U.S. and eight Indian nations sign The Fort Laramie Treaty.
|The U.S. signs the Fort Laramie Treaty with eight Indian nations in the Northern Plains. The treaty says that Indians will allows settlers safe passage through Indian territory in exchange for money, but the treaty falls apart when gold is discovered and settlers stay in Indian territory.
|A group of Apache Native Americans attack and kidnap a white American, resulting in the U.S. military falsely.
|A group of Apache Native Americans attack and kidnap a white American, resulting in the U.S. military falsely accusing the Native American leader of the Chiricahua Apache tribe, Cochise. Cochise and the Apache increase raids on white Americans for a decade afterwards.
|November 29, 1864
|Sandy Creek Massacre
|650 Colorado volunteer forces attack Cheyenne and Arapaho encampments along Sand Creek, killing and mutilating more than 150 American Indians during what would become known as the Sandy Creek Massacre.
|Crazy Horse meets General George Armstrong.
|Crazy Horse encounters General George Armstrong Custer for the first time.
|Gold is discovered in the Black Hills of South Dakota on Indian land.
|With the announcement that gold has been discovered in the Black Hills of South Dakota, Lakota Sioux fight to keep white people from digging up their land. The land had been promised to the Lakota in the Fort Laramie Treaty.
|June 25, 1876
|General Custer dies in the Battle of Big Horn with the Lakota Sioux.
|General George Armstrong Custer and his troops are killed in the Battle of Big Horn with the Lakota Sioux. Custer had been ordered to wait for help, but when he saw Chief Sitting Bull in the area, he decided not to wait.
|The U.S. government cancels the Fort Laramie Treaty.
|Wanting to own the land where so much gold has been discovered, the U.S. government cancels the Fort Laramie Treaty. The U.S. takes control of the Black Hills and 40 million acres of Lakota land.
|October 6, 1879
|The first students attend Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Pennsylvania, the country’s first off-reservation boarding school.
|The first students attend Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Pennsylvania, the country’s first off-reservation boarding school. The school, created by Civil War veteran Richard Henry Pratt, is designed to assimilate Native American students.
|July 20, 1881
|Chief Sitting Bulls surrenders to U.S. troops.
|The leader of many Sioux uprisings, Chief Sitting Bulls surrenders to U.S. troops and is sent to prison in South Dakota. Later, he will spend one season traveling with Buffalo Bill Cody’s Wild West show.
|February 8, 1887
|President Grover Cleveland signs the Dawes Act
|President Grover Cleveland signs the Dawes Act, giving the president the authority to divide up land allotted to Native Americans in reservations to individuals.
|December 15, 1890
|Sitting Bull is Killed
|Sitting Bull is killed during a confrontation with Indian police in Grand River, South Dakota.
|December 29, 1890
|Over 300 Lakota Sioux die in the Wounded Knee Massacre.
|U.S. troops, worried that the Sioux were going to destroy white men, go to Pine Ridge in South Dakota to take their guns. It is not known who fired the first shot, but the result was a massacre of over 300 Indians, mostly women and children.
|December 11, 1907
|Robert Latham Owen becomes the first Native American senator.
|Robert Latham Owen, a Cherokee Indian, becomes the first Native American to serve in the U.S. Senate. Owen represented Oklahoma in the Senate until 1925.
|January 29, 1907
|Native American US Senator
|Charles Curtis becomes the first Native American U.S. Senator.
|Choctaw soldiers use their native language to transmit secret messages
|Choctaw soldiers use their native language to transmit secret messages for U.S. troops during World War I’s Meuse-Argonne Offensive on the Western Front. The Choctaw Telephone Squad provide Allied forces a critical edge over the Germans.
|June 2, 1924
|Indian Citizenship Act
|U.S. Congress passes the Indian Citizenship Act, granting citizenship to all Native Americans born in the territorial limits of the country. Previously, citizenship had been limited, depending on what percentage Native American ancestry a person had, whether they were veterans, or, if they were women, whether they were married to a U.S. citizen.
|March 4, 1929
|Charles Curtis serves as the first Native American
|Charles Curtis serves as the first Native American U.S. Vice President under President Herbert Hoover.
|Members of the Navajo Nation develop a code to transmit messages and radio messages for the U.S.
|Members of the Navajo Nation develop a code to transmit messages and radio messages for the U.S. armed forces during World War II. Eventually hundreds of code talkers from multiple Native American tribes serve in the U.S. Marines during the war.
|Jim Thorpe is named the greatest athlete of the first half of the 20th century.
|Jim Thorpe, who is part Native American and part Caucasian, is named the greatest athlete of the first 50 years of the 20th century. One of the best athletes in history, he was a baseball player, a football player, a basketball player, and an Olympic champion in track and field.
|April 11, 1968
|The Indian Civil Rights Act
|The Indian Civil Rights Act is signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson, granting Native American tribes many of the benefits included in the Bill of Rights.
|March 27, 1973
|Sacheen Littlefeather makes a speech at the Academy Awards for Marlon Brando.
|In protest of the treatment of Native Americans in the movie industry, Marlon Brando sends an Indian named Sacheen Littlefeather to make a speech and turn down his Academy Award. Brando won the Oscar for his role in the movie “The Godfather.”
|The first Indian casino opens in Florida -(Seminole Gaming )
|The Seminole Indian tribe opens the first Indian gaming facility in North America. It is only a high stakes bingo parlor, but Indian gaming will grow into a major source of income for many of the Indian tribes in America. Seminole Gaming ( Seminole Tribe Of Florida) which is located in Hollywood , Florida close to Miami Florida.
|October 21, 2012
|The first Native American is made a saint by the Catholic Church.
|Kateri Tekakwitha, a Mohawk Indian in the 17th century, becomes the first Native American saint. Born in New York, Tekakwitha was shunned by her family and fellow tribe members when she was baptized at the age of 20.
|March 15, 2021
|Representative Deb Haaland of New Mexico is confirmed as secretary of the Interior, making her the first Native American to lead a cabinet agency.
|Representative Deb Haaland of New Mexico is confirmed as secretary of the Interior, making her the first Native American to lead a cabinet agency. “Growing up in my mother’s Pueblo household made me fierce,” Haaland Tweeted after her confirmation. “I’ll be fierce for all of us, our planet, and all of our protected land