|NAME OF DATE
|NAME OF EVENT
|James Marshall finds gold
|James Marshall was working in California to build a water pump. While in the river he found a shiny metal which turned out to be gold.
|Reports about gold aren’t believed
|A local newspaper heard about the gold discovery and reported about it. Most people in the area didn’t believe it.
|The gold rush begins
|James Marshall tried to keep his discovery a secret, but word quickly spread. By August there were 4000 gold mines in the areas.
|The first minted gold
|The first shipments of gold sent to the mint left from San Francisco. The ship carried over $500,000 of gold.
|The coming of the 49’ers
|The year of 1849 brought travelers from all over the world. They all came to get rich.
|Women come to get a husband
|Papers advertised for women to come to San Francisco to get husbands among the miners.
|A government is formed
|The lands were wild and lawless because of so many people arriving at once. The people attempted to set up a government to rule the land.
|San Francisco becomes a booming metropolis
|San Francisco became the central city for the gold mining towns. Businesses popped up all over the place to accommodate the gold miners.
|The Compromise of 1850 is passed
|California wanted to become an official state, but they wanted to be free from slavery. The Compromise helped smooth out the anger of those who wanted to keep slaves.
|Another gold shipment leaves San Francisco
|This time the shipment carried a whopping 1.5 million dollars’ worth of gold.
|The gold runs out
|Most of the gold on the surface was picked clean by 1850. Men kept coming, though, hoping to get lucky.
|The fires of San Francisco
|Four huge fires swept the area during the year, burning hundreds of buildings and killing many people. The citizens raised money to set up a fire station.
|Hydraulic Mining is Introduced
|Mining with machines became the preferred way to mine because the machines could dig deeper into the ground. Miners began working for mining companies who owned the machines.
|The gold rush stabilized
|The gold rush finally fell off in 1857, when the gold output stabilized at around 45 million dollars a year.
|Hydraulic mining is outlawed
|A California judge finally outlawed hydraulic mining because it tore up the land.