2. STS-61-B 3 communications satellites deployed: MORELOS-B, AUSSAT-2 and SATCOM KU-2 3. STS-27 Mission dedicated to Department of Defense. Deployed the Lacrosse 1 satellite, for the US National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Atlantis‘ Thermal Protection System tiles sustained unusually severe damage during the flight; over 700 damaged tiles were noted, and one tile was missing. 4. STS-30 Deployed the Magellan probe bound for Venus 5. STS-34 Deployed the Galileo probe bound for Jupiter. 6. STS-36 Mission dedicated to Department of Defense. STS-36 deployed a single satellite believed to have been a Misty reconnaissance satellite. 7. STS-38 Mission dedicated to Department of Defense. Deployed USA-67 believed to have been a secret Magnum ELINT (ELectronic INTtelligence) gathering satellite. 8. STS-37 Deployed Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (GRO), the second of the Great Observatories program after the first successful unscheduled EVA in the Shuttle program to deploy GRO’s data antenna. 9. STS-43 Deployed Tracking and Data Relay Satellite-5 (TDRS-5 or TDRS-E). 10. STS-44 Mission dedicated to Department of Defense. The unclassified payload included a Defense Support Program (DSP) satellite deployed on flight day one. 11. STS-45 Carried first Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science (ATLAS-1). ATLAS-1 equipped with 12 instruments conducted studies in atmospheric chemistry, solar radiation, space plasma physics and ultraviolet astronomy. 12. STS-46 Deployed the Tethered Satellite System (TSS), a joint NASA/Italian Space Agency experiment. The satellite only reached a maximum of 860 feet (260 m) instead of 12.5 miles (20.1 km), because of a jammed tether line. The European Retrievable Carrier (EURECA) satellite was deployed for the European Space Agency (ESA). 13. STS-66 Carried Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Sciences 3 (ATLAS-03) to study the energy of the sun and how it affects the Earth’s climate and environment. In addition, STS-66 included deployment and retrieval of the Cryogenic Infrared Spectrometer Telescope for Atmosphere (CRISTA) to explore the variability of the atmosphere and provide measurements. 14. STS-71 Atlantis transported two cosmonauts Anatoly Solovyev and Nikolai Budarin to Mir and returned astronaut Norman Thagard and cosmonauts Vladimir Dezhurov and Gennady Strekalov. The joint U.S-Russian crew performed life sciences investigations aboard SPACELAB/Mir First shuttle docking with space station Mir.
100th U.S. manned space flight.
15. STS-74 Carried docking module to Mir and docked to the Kristall module. During the three days of combined shuttle-Mir operations, Atlantis‘s crew transferred water, supplies, equipment and two new solar arrays to upgrade Mir. 16. STS-76 Rendezvous with Mir, including crew transfer of Shannon Lucid. STS-76 marked first flight of SPACEHAB pressurized module to support Shuttle-Mir dockings. Spacewalkers Linda Godwin and Michael Clifford conducted the first U.S. extravehicular activity (EVA) around the two mated spacecraft. 17. STS-79 Rendezvous with Mir, including crew transfer of Shannon Lucid and John Blaha. First shuttle mission to the fully completed Mir in its final configuration. STS-79 also marked second flight of SPACEHAB module in support of Shuttle-Mir activities and first flight of SPACEHAB Double Module configuration. 18. STS-81 Rendezvous with Mir, including crew transfer of John Blaha and Jerry Linenger. Carried the SPACEHAB double module and during five days of docked operations with Mir, the crews transferred water and supplies. 19. STS-84 Rendezvous with Mir, including crew transfer of Jerry Linenger and Michael Foale. Carried the SPACEHAB double module. 20. STS-86 Rendezvous with Mir, including crew transfer of Michael Foale and David A. Wolf. Highlights of STS-86 included five days of docked operations and the first joint U.S.-Russian spacewalk during a shuttle mission conducted by cosmonaut Vladimir Titov and astronaut Scott Parazynski. 21. STS-101 International Space Station resupply mission with supplies carried up using a SPACEHAB double module and SPACEHAB Integrated Cargo Carrier pallet. Astronauts James Voss and Jeffrey Williams performed a spacewalk and Atlantis also reboosted the ISS. 22. STS-106 International Space Station resupply mission. STS-106 utilized the SPACEHAB Double Module and the Integrated Cargo Carrier (ICC) to bring supplies to the ISS. The mission also included two spacewalks 23. STS-98 International Space Station assembly mission (carried and assembled the Destiny Laboratory Module). Three spacewalks including the 100th in the U.S. manned spaceflight program were conducted to complete its assembly. 24. STS-104 International Space Station assembly mission (carried and assembled the Quest Joint Airlock). Astronauts Michael Gernhardt and James Reilly conducted three space walks while Atlantis was docked to the ISS. STS-104 was the first shuttle mission to fly with a “Block II” SSME. 25. STS-110 International Space Station assembly mission (carried and assembled the S0 truss segment) which forms the backbone of the truss structure on the ISS. STS-110 also delivered the Mobile Transporter (MT). Four spacewalks were also conducted in support of ISS construction. 26. STS-112 International Space Station assembly mission (carried and assembled the S1 truss segment). Atlantis also delivered the Crew Equipment Translation Aid (CETA). A camera mounted to the shuttle’s external tank captured the ascent to orbit. This was the first time such footage was recorded. Astronauts David Wolf and Piers Sellers conducted three spacewalks. 27. STS-115 International Space Station resupply and construction (P3 and P4 truss segments, solar arrays 2A and 4A and batteries). A total of three spacewalks were performed, during which the crew connected the systems on the installed trusses, prepared them for deployment and did other maintenance work on the ISS. STS-115 was the first assembly mission to the ISS after the Columbia disaster. 28. STS-117 International Space Station resupply and construction (S3 and S4 truss and a set of solar arrays segments) The launch of STS-117 marked the 250th orbital human spaceflight. STS-117 brought Expedition 15 crewmember Clayton Anderson to the ISS, and returned with Sunita Williams. 29. STS-122 International Space Station construction (Columbus laboratory). STS-122 carried ESA astronaut Léopold Eyharts, a French Flight Engineer representing ESA to the ISS and returned Expedition 16 Flight Engineer Daniel M. Tani to Earth. Three spacewalks were performed by mission specialists Rex Walheim and Stanley Love. 30. STS-125 Final Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission 4. Atlantis carried two new instruments to the Hubble Space Telescope, the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph and the Wide Field Camera 3. The mission also replaced a Fine Guidance Sensor, six gyroscopes, and two battery unit modules. STS-125 carried an IMAX camera to document the progress of the mission.
The mission included five spacewalks totaling 37 hours.
31. STS-129 International Space Station resupply and construction (ELC-1/ELC-2). STS-129 was the first flight of an ExPRESS Logistics Carrier and focused on staging spare components outside the space station. The mission included three spacewalks. 32. STS-132 International Space Station construction (Mini-Research Module 1 and the cargo pallet, Integrated Cargo Carrier-Vertical Light Deployable (ICC-VLD)). The mission included three spacewalks. 33. STS-135 International Space Station resupply using the Raffaello Multi-Purpose Logistics Module and the Lightweight Multi-Purpose Carrier (LMC). The failed ammonia pump module that was replaced in August 2010 returned inside Atlantis‘ payload bay. STS-135 flew with a crew of four astronauts; the reduced crew size allowed for rescue by regularly scheduled Soyuz missions if necessary. This was the final mission of Space Shuttle Atlantis and the last mission for the Space Shuttle Program.